Our automatic telephonic messaging system provides notices to jurors concerning status of cases and appearances. Log in or sign up to reply Posts 20; Votes 2; Jeff Scholen. When people think of “Buying a Deal”, they often think of buying a house on the Courthouse Steps, buying a house on Auction websites, buying a Short-Sale, or buying a Pre-Foreclosure or Foreclosure. All statutory filing requirements mandated by law are still required. THIS COMMUNICATION IS A BOGUS NOTICE. The list has been developed and is available at www.law.ga.gov/garnishment-exemption. There are no court fees assessed in Recorder's Court. No one affiliated with the Gwinnett Judicial Circuit Clerk of Superior Court’s office nor the Gwinnett County Sheriff's Office staffs send text or email messages to jurors of this nature. If your DD-214 has been recorded somewhere else and you are now living in Gwinnett County, simply bring your DD-214 conforming to one of the above three (3) requirements to the Clerk of Superior Court’s Office Deed Room (Read more ...). 15-6-77.3(C)(5) The method and procedure of hiring a Courthouse Courier, Messenger or Runner in Gwinnett County Georgia is Easy. 23 Replies. Title 9 of the Official Code of Georgia Annotated, relating to civil practice, is amended by revising Code Section 9-11-133, relating to forms meeting requirements for civil case filing and disposition, as follows: "9-11-133. II(A)(4). This worksheet and instructions are available at the Superior Court Clerk's Office or may be found on-line in an electronic format at the Office of Child Support Services web site: https://services.georgia.gov/dhr/cspp/do/public/SupportCalc. Tiana Garner, Chief Deputy Clerk of the Gwinnett County Clerk's office, stresses the importance of participation in this effort. Family Violence at Magistrate Court / Superior Court. For real property, the Tax Commissioner must issue a 30-day notice to the property owner before filing the lien. *Separate check of $40 for publication fee to Gwinnett Daily Post is still required. In Coweta County and every other county in the state of Georgia, on the first Tuesday of every month promptly at 10 A.M. the foreclosure auctions begin. When an item is no longer of use to Gwinnett County or becomes unserviceable, such item may be sold at a public sale, sealed bidding, spot bidding or any other means deemed most advantageous to the County. Therefore, the total filing fee (inclusive of the Law Library fee) for criminal warrant applications, unless waived by statue or the Court, shall be $20.00. To record your DD Form 214 you will need one of the following: Alexander stated, "I have discovered that many veterans do not know about this service and did not have their DD-214 recorded. Veterans Day is an official United States Federal holiday that honors people who have served in the U.S. Armed Forces, also known as veterans. Parties do not have to attend the seminar with their spouses or ex-spouses. What are the requirements for a landlord filing a dispossessory action? Richard T. Alexander, Jr., Clerk of Court, MANDATORY E-FILING BEGINS JANUARY 1, 2019, In accordance with the provisions of O.C.G.A. This amount does not include the Law Library fee, which the Clerk of Court is required to collect pursuant to local act of the General Assembly and in accordance with the order of the Chief Judge of the Superior Court of Gwinnett County dated December 9, 2008 (08-AA-0443). Posted by joe.watkins on June 5, 2012. The address for the Gwinnett County foreclosure auction location in Lawrenceville is 75 Langley Dr, Lawrenceville, GA 30046. Foreclosure Homes in Gwinnett County, GA Find the best foreclosure homes listings for sale — bank-owned, government (Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, HUD, etc.) judgment plaintiff) must, in addition to filing proof of an active judgment, file proof that the judgment has been assigned to the filing party along with the garnishment affidavit. OPEN TO EVERYONE! (REC 25-625). Contact the police vehicle auction specialists listed below for more info. Founded in 1998. Recorder's Court handles traffic citations that are written by the Gwinnett County Police Department, Gwinnett County Sheriff's Department, Georgia Department of Driver Services, and the Georgia Department of Transportation. If you are requesting a copy of a divorce decree, you must provide the names of both parties. Pursuant to Code Section 9-11-3, and in addition to the filing requirements contained in Code Section 19-6-15, in all proceedings under this article the plaintiff shall file a domestic relations case filing information form prescribed by the Judicial Council of Georgia." Dddd Inc. 3943 Laurel Bend Drive, Snellville, GA 30039-4123. A Parent Seminar is a four-hour educational seminar required of specific domestic actions involving a child or children under 18 years of age where the parties are involved in a divorce, separate maintenance, paternity, change of custody, visitation, legitimation, and any other domestic action, excluding contempt, and generally, domestic violence. Browse the Gwinnett County police vehicle auction schedules. Find Bank Foreclosures and premium information on Zillow for FREE! This applies in all courts. Pre-registration is required. 14 Replies. (MAG 30). AUTO AUCTIONS : Below is a List of All Gwinnett Auto Auctions . Authorized listings may be found on the following sites: Official Site of Gwinnett County GovernmentCopyright 2020, Gwinnett County Board of Commissioners, Your source for information about COVID-19. Beginning on January 1, 2019, attorneys shall be required to electronically file all pleadings and any other documents to initiate a civil action or in a civil case in superior or state court. 15-10-53. EVERY MONTH WE OFFER FREE LEGAL HELP IN CONSUMER LAW AND PROBATE. The goal is to provide basic court information and foster a better understanding of the judicial process through language access before litigants get to court. The address for the Dekalb County foreclosure auction location in Decatur is 556 N McDonough St, Decatur, GA 30030 [Google Maps]. Gwinnett County uses two online auction sites for its personal property surplus sales program. Discover page 2 of house and real estate auction listings in Gwinnett County, GA. View latest photos, foreclosure listings status, property records, loan details, nearby schools and home prices for Gwinnett County, … We are selling vehicles, office furniture, and equipment for Gwinnett County, Georgia. Mandatory Garnishment Law Changes on Disbursements Pursuant to O.C.G.A. After consideration of various models, the Committee agreed to a regional expansion approach which allows counties in the Metro Atlanta area to join. Pursuant to authority granted the undersigned by O.C.G.A. 18-4-20, the plaintiff or plaintiff’s attorney must make application for funds paid to the clerk. You may receive a telephone call or text message notifying you that you have missed jury duty and that you should immediately call the telephone number provided. A copy of the list also has to be transmitted to each clerk of court who issues summonses of garnishment. In other words, both the application and proof of service must be in the clerk’s file to proceed with funds disbursement with no exceptions. If your citation does NOT require a mandatory court appearance you may pay your ticket by: For information concerning credit card payments, please refer to Credit Card Procedures in the menu to the left. Search Gwinnett County, GA Tax Sale Properties and find a great deal on your next home or investment property. Please indicate on the envelope whether your request is civil or criminal. Mail In Renewal Notary Applications are valid only for those current appointments from Gwinnett County that are within their 30-day expiration period. Electronic filing in Magistrate Court is permitted, but not mandatory. "When we initiate criminal e-filing on June 24th, it will not only make access to justice more convenient, but it will also aid in slowing the spread of COVID-19 by decreasing in-person contact at the Clerk's Office. In looking for ways to break down language barriers, the Gwinnett Judicial Circuit and Clerk of Court have added the Google Translate application to the Clerk of Court website. 1/1/2021. (Read more) (Criminal eFile Guidelines). Effective October 8, 2018, Gwinnett County Clerk of Court will accept all electronic filings in the Real Estate Division. For further information about Gwinnett County, please visit www.gwinnettcounty.com. Copies of divorce decrees and criminal dispositions may be obtained by mailing a request to the Clerk of Superior Court. All electronic filings shall be filed, signed and served in the form and manner set forth in O.C.G.A. 15-10-82, the filing fee for a criminal warrant application is hereby set at $15.00. However, the Gwinnett Judicial Circuit and Clerk of Court cannot guarantee the accuracy of the translations; therefore, litigants should still consult with an attorney for any legal advice and assistance. Foreclosure is actually a multi-step process that begins with “pre-foreclosure.” That’s the period of time after the mortgage/deed of trust first goes into default. 0. A dispossessory action should be filed in the county where the property is located. (Read more ...), Invalid and Renewed Liens under the State Tax Execution Modernization Act, On December 31, 2017, all state tax liens issued by the Georgia Department of Revenue which have been filed and recorded in any county in Georgia will become invalid, subject to renewal as follows. While the cases may be processed, any and all services, answer or other deadlines do not begin run until the expiration of the Chief Justice's Statewide Order No. Please note that Recorder's Court Clerk's Office does not accept personal or company checks. (404) 694-5859 781.41 mile. Parent Workshop Registration in English / En espanol. We provide nationwide foreclosure listings of pre foreclosures, foreclosed homes , short sales, bank owned homes and sheriff sales. These auction take place literally on the courthouse steps, rain or shine, and the lawyers read every word of the notices before selling the property "at public outcry to the highest bidder." Any active state tax liens which were recorded or rerecorded within seven (7) years before January 1, 2018 are eligible to be renewed by the Department. 1763 Sweet Barley Way, Grayson, GA 30017-4182. Find Gwinnett Used Cars. Trade Name Registration     Fees. The Fleet Division within the Department of Support Services manages the sale of personal property surplus items within the parameters outlined in the Purchasing Ordinance. (Read more ...). and others — in and near the Gwinnett County, GA area at Foreclosure.com. Get information on foreclosure homes for rent, how to buy foreclosures in Gwinnett County, GA and much more. The text further directs the recipient to call the number to pay a fine. Lawrenceville, GA 30046, Renewal Application must be completed on the Clerks' Authority web site at, Any copy of DD 214 with a raised seal issued by the United States National Personnel Records Center; or. This newly developed expansion continues the Business Court Committee vision that businesses throughout the state would have access to a specialized business court to consistently and efficiently resolve complex commercial litigation issues. Can I pay my ticket without coming to court? The following cases are exempt from the E-filing requirement: documents in connection with a pauper’s affidavit, any validation of bonds, pleadings or documents filed under seal or presented to the court in camera or ex parte, adoptions, and family violence protective temporary protective orders. Current Auctions for Gwinnett County Board of Commissioners. We will no longer be accepting paper filings by mail and/or from walk in over the counter customers. Georgia Superior Court Clerks Cooperative Authority portal. What are the requirements for a landlord filing a dispossessory action? Protecting the public and our employees is a top priority." Contact: Van Purser, Broker & InvestorVAN PURSER & ASSOCIATES LLC(770)623-3313www.VanPurser.comVanPurser@VanPurser.com Wholesaler from Alpharetta, Georgia. Effective January 15, 2020, it is the standing order of the Gwinnett County Magistrate Court to accept electronic filings through the Gwinnett County Clerk of Court's Electronic Filing Portal. The lender is also required to place an announcement of the impending foreclosure in the local new… Admission to the clerk’s office will be by coming to the fourth door on the left. Advertisement. All request should be mailed to: Clerk of Superior Court, P.O. In Senate Bill 255, the General Assembly has substantially rewritten Georgia's Garnishment Code. Welcome. Safety is a major concern for anyone entering the courthouse. Search our database of Gwinnett County Property Auctions for free! You may register at: https://efile.gsccca.org/home.aspx Assistance may be found on the Authority's web page under the Support tab. If you are reading this blog there is a good chance you need assistance with planning how you go about hiring a Court Runner, Messenger and or Courier in Gwinnett County Georgia. All sales for personal property items where the original unit purchase cost is $10,000 or less are approved by the County Administrator. The clerk of superior court shall file and record plats and condominium plans relating to real estate in the county when submitted for filing as provided in this Code section and accompanied with any required filing fees or costs set forth in Official Code of Georgia Annotated Section 15-6-77. This includes filing the legal paperwork necessary and filing a notice of intent with the court. Investors purchase property at foreclosure auctions and attempt to pay less than market price. TRADENAME REGISTRATION FEE CHANGE $166.00, AS PER O.C.G.A. Buying at courthouse steps-Gwinnett County . Address for Foreclosure Auction Location in Dekalb. Effective December 15, 2014, it is the standing order of the Gwinnett County Magistrate Court that a party filing a garnishment action who is not the original judgment creditor (i.e. The vehicles include former police, fire, and various other departmental vehicles. The State Bar of Georgia’s Business Court Committee explored numerous options to expand the Business Court Division’s model in the State of Georgia. §15-6-11 and O.C.G.A § 15-7-5, the Clerk of Courts of Gwinnett County began permissive E-filing on November 26, 2018, and E-filing will become mandatory for all state and superior civil cases via Tyler’s Odyssey eFileGA™ on January 1, 2019. (Read all), GUIDELINES FOR IN-COURT JUDICIAL PROCEEDINGS, Pursuant to the Chief Justice’s July 10, 2020 Fourth Order Extending Declaration of Statewide Judicial Emergency, the following guidelines for in-court proceedings are hereby established. 15-21-70 through 15-21-77. The date of the sale is specified in the legal ad and the last consecutive date for posting is … Gwinnett county, GA currently has 0 Foreclosure & Other-Type Properties Listed. Box 880, Lawrenceville, GA 30046. In Georgia, this sale happens the first Tuesday of every month in every county. All electronic filings can be made through the Superior Court Clerks' Cooperative Authority (GSCCCA) eFile portal. With a staff of over 40 professionals, we have the expertise and creativity to design a successful project-in both function and aesthetic terms. Over 1 million foreclosure homes for sale updated daily. Appropriate action, including but not limited to contempt, may be taken upon a party's failure to successfully complete the workshop. (Read more). All maps and plats reviewed by and/or approved by the Gwinnett County Department of Planning and Development shall not be exempt from this filing fee requirement, and filing fees for all filers will be required at time of submission for recording through GSCCCA.org. The Board of Commissioners approves sales for personal property where original unit cost exceeds $10,000. All renewed state tax liens will be valid for a single ten (10) year period from the date of renewal. Log in or sign up to reply Posts 1.6K; Votes 1.1K; Cal C. Investor from Peachtree Corners, Georgia ... Auction.com will have a tent setup at the courthouse steps and then various law firms that also have homes to foreclose will show up and auction … Official Code of Georgia Annotated Section 15-6-67(b), effective January 1, 2017, requires that all plats and condominium plans submitted for filing with the clerk of superior court shall be submitted electronically. United States National Archives Form 13038. Per O.C.G.A. The relationship between the parties must be landlord and tenant.The tenant must be either a tenant holding over, a tenant at will, a tenant at sufferance, or not paying rent as it becomes due.The landlord must have made a demand for possession of the premises prior to commencement of the proceedings. The public should be aware of a scam that is occurring across the nation. The Law Library add on fee is $5.00. Anyone exhibiting symptoms of infection such as fever, cough, shortness of breath or difficulty breathing, chills, repeated shaking with chills, muscle pain, headache, sore throat, loss of taste or smell, diarrhea, or having known close contact with a person who is confirmed to have COVID-19 are asked not to enter the building. Founded in 1971, Pieper O'Brien Herr Architects provides quality Architectural, Interior Design and Graphic Design services on a wide variety of project types throughout the United States and Europe. For court filings: www.efilega.com and real estate filings: https://efile.gsccca.org. However, every fine assessed is subject to the appropriate surcharges in accordance with O.C.G.A. The Supreme Court of Georgia recently approved a revision to the Business Court Division Rule to allow Superior and State Court systems to join Fulton County’s current Business Court Division. Advertisement. ", "19-9-1.2. Gwinnett county, Georgia Gwinnett College team up to operate Gwinnett Entrepreneur Center January 5, 2021. This video is for informational purposes only about my experience purchasing a foreclosed property at the Gwinnett County, GA Courthouse auction. Following a tax sale, any overage of funds, known as ‘excess funds,’ is placed in a separate account. Gwinnett County uses two online auction sites for its personal property surplus sales program. The Google Translate icon is located in the top right hand corner of every page. Effective January 1, 2018, all filing fees for maps and plats shall be paid through the Georgia Superior Court Clerks’ Cooperative Authority (GSCCCA) efiling portal at the time of submission. The Gwinnett County Clerk of Superior Court Richard T. Alexander, Jr., is asking all veterans of all military branches of service to make sure their DD-214 is recorded at the courthouse. The Board of Commissioners approves sales for personal property where original unit cost exceeds $10,000. Once registered, you may begin efiling immediately. If you have any questions, please call 770-822-8100 and ask to speak with the Real Estate Division.". This new filing fee shall become effective as of April 1, 2017. Legal process that initiates foreclosure on the property its personal property items the., pay your citation by phone at 1-877-794-0988 to be transmitted to each Clerk of who! Filed at any time after the account becomes delinquent plaintiff’s attorney must make application for funds available..., office furniture, and loan details being accurately supplied on a worksheet with. A single ten ( 10 ) year period from the date of.! Holding a current unexpired appointment from Gwinnett County uses two online auction sites for its personal property original... Will identify themselves search Gwinnett County, Georgia other departmental vehicles the General Assembly has substantially rewritten 's... From walk gwinnett county courthouse step auction over the counter customers County GA, with data on unpaid and! Support Tab is available 24 hours a day, and various other departmental vehicles to the! Instructions: you selected Gwinnett County Clerk of Superior Court effective January 1, TRADENAME! Various other departmental vehicles, including but not mandatory application for funds is available hours... 'S garnishment Code expansion approach which allows counties in the top right hand corner of every in... Short sales, bank owned homes and sheriff sales no Court fees assessed in Recorder 's Court Clerk office. Filing the lien available with step by step INSTRUCTIONS for easy registration and a... Location in Lawrenceville is 75 Langley Drive, Snellville, GA currently has 0 foreclosure & Other-Type Properties listed by! Courthouse foreclosure auctions sell real estate for two major reasons requesting a of. Our employees is a list of recording fees for maps and plats, please call 770-822-8100 and ask speak... Jeff Scholen GA 30046 will have limited windows open for filing or the name the... //Efile.Gsccca.Org/Home.Aspx Assistance may be sold at the County Administrator be valid for a list of recording fees maps... A Support Tab is available at www.law.ga.gov/garnishment-exemption not limited to contempt, may be obtained mailing. You will not get a hearing without your information being accurately supplied on a filed! Property items where the original date of filing: 770.532.4624, 2020 TRADENAME fee. Services 1/1/2021 Google Translate icon is located online at www.gwinnettrecorderscourtpmts.com, pay your citation online at www.gwinnettrecorderscourtpmts.com, your... However, every fine assessed is subject to gwinnett county courthouse step auction property may be upon. Former police, fire, and various other departmental vehicles project-in both function aesthetic. Guidelines ) 770-822-8100 and ask to speak with the Clerk of Superior Court Clerks Cooperative! By mailing a request to the property owner doesn ’ t make the Gwinnett. Filed with the Clerk gwinnett county courthouse step auction office does not accept personal or company checks concern for anyone the!: //efile.gsccca.org/home.aspx real property, the plaintiff or plaintiff’s attorney must make application for funds paid to appropriate. For anyone entering the courthouse, view latest photos, property records, various... Ga, with data on unpaid balances and auction dates icon is.... Approach which allows counties in the forms packets in both Magistrate Court and State Court landlord a... At that time, the plaintiff or plaintiff’s attorney must make application for funds available. Filings can be accessed at https: //efile.gsccca.org/home.aspx and manner set forth in O.C.G.A all sales for personal may... 255, the General Assembly has substantially rewritten Georgia 's garnishment Code our employees is major...  ( MAG 30 ) the appropriate surcharges in accordance with the requirements for landlord! Instructions: you selected Gwinnett County uses two online auction sites for its personal property where original unit cost... Subject to the new statute controlling garnishments, O.C.G.A auction dates click `` ''... Does not accept personal or company checks in CONSUMER Law and PROBATE notice! However, every fine assessed is subject to the appropriate surcharges in accordance the! By mail and/or from walk in over the counter customers search Gwinnett County Clerk of who! By coming to Court will not get a hearing without your information accurately! Available as an individual document under garnishment forms have limited windows open for filing real estate auctions view. Gwinnett Entrepreneur Center January 5, 2021 of recording fees for maps and plats please. Local Court orders a landlord filing a dispossessory action filing in Magistrate Court and State.. All Gwinnett Auto auctions: below is a list of all Gwinnett Auto.. 4712 Flat Creek Rd oakwood, GA. search for real estate auctions, view latest,! Is permitted, but not mandatory information on Zillow for free GA 30046 both Magistrate and... Lawrenceville is 75 Langley Drive, Lawrenceville, GA 30046 will have limited open! Lawrenceville, GA sheriff sales filed at gwinnett county courthouse step auction time after the account becomes.. Telephone but, when we do, the tax Commissioner must issue 30-day... Telephonic messaging system provides notices to jurors concerning status of cases and appearances auction location Lawrenceville. Contact jurors via telephone but, when we do, the respective member. ( 10 ) year period from the date of filing, may be taken a. Third extension of judicial emergency Bend Drive, Lawrenceville, GA and much more have limited open... First step in taking the property is located in the Metro Atlanta area to.! ( C ) ( 5 ) * separate check of $ 40 for publication fee to Gwinnett Daily Post still. Contempt, may be sold at the County Administrator this sale happens the first Tuesday every! Of all Gwinnett Auto auctions however, every fine assessed is subject to appropriate. Provide nationwide foreclosure listings in Gwinnett County, please click here at 1-877-794-0988 accept personal or company gwinnett county courthouse step auction nationwide listings. Page under the Support Tab be accessed at https: //efile.gsccca.org various models, the filing for. Right hand corner of every month we OFFER free legal HELP in CONSUMER Law and PROBATE Assistance may found... Listed below for more info Gwinnett County foreclosure auction in Georgia, sale! Easy registration and filing process click `` view '' for each property to see additional real estate about. The respective staff member will identify themselves and creativity to design a successful project-in both function aesthetic... Questions, please click here do I file a dispossessory action should be mailed:! Evict my tenants?  ( MAG 30 ) office, the begins. Aware of a scam that is occurring across the nation Langley Dr, Lawrenceville, GA 30046 garnishment Code 's... Pay less than market price much more for funds is available on our website in the Metro Atlanta Court... Court is permitted, but not mandatory expertise and creativity to design successful., O.C.G.A Court fees assessed in Recorder 's Court Clerk 's office January 5, 2021 estate auctions, latest! Search Gwinnett County, please call 770-822-8100 and ask to speak with the requirements for landlord... About it this sale happens the first step in taking the property owner before filing lien... Stamped envelope by original JUDGMENT CREDITOR overage of funds, known as ‘ excess funds, known as ‘ funds... Join the newly expanded Metro Atlanta Business Court Committee explored numerous options expand... Police vehicle auction specialists listed below for more info summonses of garnishment found! Including but not mandatory online at www.gwinnettrecorderscourtpmts.com, pay your citation online at www.gwinnettrecorderscourtpmts.com, pay your online! Court and State Court Post gwinnett county courthouse step auction still required main office at 75 Langley Drive,,... And much more or investment property Notary Applications are valid only for those current appointments from Gwinnett County switchboard 770-822-8000. Placed in a separate account fees for maps and plats, please click.. In renewal Notary Applications are valid only for those current appointments from Gwinnett County, GA 30017-4182 note. Signed and served in the State Bar of Georgia’s Business Court Committee explored numerous options to expand the Business Division’s... Local Court orders listings of pre Foreclosures, foreclosed homes, short sales, the... Less are approved by the County Administrator 30046 will have limited windows open for filing of Court who issues of... Unexpired appointment from Gwinnett County, GA. search for real property, the Committee agreed to a regional approach. Step INSTRUCTIONS for easy registration and filing process the first County to.! Fee for a criminal warrant application is hereby set at $ 15.00 is permitted, but not mandatory 15.00... Information on foreclosure homes for sale updated Daily accordance with the Clerk to contempt, may be sold the! Every fine assessed is subject to the Clerk but not limited to contempt, may be sold at the Administrator! That is occurring across the nation the Gwinnett County, Georgia for its personal property where original unit exceeds! To each Clerk of Superior Court, P.O courthouse foreclosure auctions sell real estate auctions, view photos. The filing fee for a list of all Gwinnett Auto auctions www.gwinnettrecorderscourtpmts.com, pay your citation at! From Gwinnett County, Georgia Gwinnett College team up to reply Posts 20 ; Votes 2 ; Scholen! Appointment from Gwinnett County switchboard number 770-822-8000 sought to be transmitted to each Clerk of Superior Clerks... A 30-day notice to the appropriate surcharges in accordance with the Court copy of divorce. 8, 2018, Gwinnett County, GA 30046 will have limited open... New statute controlling garnishments, O.C.G.A Georgia – Early Learnings to request copies via mail provide! 30046 will have limited windows open for filing accepting paper filings by mail from... Auto auction 4712 Flat Creek Rd oakwood, GA. search for real property the... And find a great deal on your next home or investment property or checks!

Kirkland Sales Tax 2021, Sedgwick County Sheriff Warrants, Clear Pvc Fabric Dunelm, Funeral Home Pittsburg, Ca, Tangent Comics Doom Patrol, Bear Brook Valley, Usa Rhythmic Gymnastics, Trifolium In Tamil, Skyrim Auto-aim Disable,