Chapters 8-11 are one literary unit (cf. HAVERNICK thinks all the scenes of idolatry in the chapter are successive portions of the festival held in honor of Tammuz or Adonis ( Ezekiel 8:14 ). “With this kind of rationalization they permitted themselves to do anything they desired. Ezekiel witnessed marvelous things in his prophetic visions even as he lived through terrible things on earth. “‘Sticking the branch to the nose’ may simply describe an insulting physical gesture, here employed euphemistically to express how Yahweh feels about the way his subjects have treated him.” (Block), iii. It is tragic that the same attitude exists today among so many people.” (Alexander), ii. i. How awfully it aggravates the national sin, that the seventy, once admitted to the Lord's secret council ( Psalms 25:14 ), should now, "in the dark," enter "the secret" of the wicked ( Genesis 49:6 ), those judicially bound to suppress idolatry being the ringleaders of it! The "brightness . It was His sanctuary, belonging to God Himself, but He would leave it because of their great abominations. But compare, as to the literal introduction of idolatries into the temple, Ezekiel 5:11 , Jeremiah 7:30 , 32:34 . They were come either to spend the sabbath in religious exercises, or to enquire what would become of their brethren in Jerusalem. Ezekiel 8 is the eighth chapter of the Book of Ezekiel in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible.This book contains the prophecies attributed to the prophet/priest Ezekiel, and is one of the Books of the Prophets. d. My eye will not spare nor will I have pity: Because of the great idolatries and sins of Jerusalem, and that the people regarded it all as a trivial thing, God’s judgment was assured, and could not be turned back. From 2 K. 23:11–12 one may also infer that the horses and chariots of the sun at the entrance of the temple that Josiah demolished had also been erected by Manasseh.”, And He said to me, “Have you seen this, O son of man? 1:1-3 with 8:1 (August-September 592 B.C.). door of the inner gate--facing the north, the direction in which he came from Chebar, called the "altar-gate" ( Ezekiel 8:5 ); it opened into the inner court, wherein stood the altar of burnt offering; the inner court ( 1 Kings 6:36 ) was that of the priests; the outer court ( Ezekiel 10:5 ), that of the people, where they assembled. b. . it was an insult both to God and to his temple and to his people.” (Taylor). . The glorious personage Ezekiel beheld in vision, seemed to take hold upon him, and he was conveyed in spirit to Jerusalem. . In Ezekiel 8–11, the prophet sees the glory of God leaving the temple. 6. that I should go far off from my sanctuary--"that I should (be compelled by their sin to) go far off from my sanctuary"--( Ezekiel 10:18 ); the sure precursor of its destruction. upon me--God's mighty operation fell, like a thunderbolt, upon me (in Ezekiel 1:3 , it is less forcible, "was upon him"); whatever, therefore, he is to utter is not his own, for he has put off the mere man, while the power of God reigns in him [CALVIN]. a. An annual feast was celebrated to him in June (hence called Tammuz in the Jewish calendar) at Byblos, when the Syrian women, in wild grief, tore off their hair and yielded their persons to prostitution, consecrating the hire of their infamy to Venus; next followed days of rejoicing for his return to the earth; the former feast being called "the disappearance of Adonis," the latter, "the finding of Adonis." i. nose--proverbial, for "they turn up the nose in scorn," expressing their insolent security [Septuagint]. Rather, they held up a branch or bundle of tamarisk (called barsom) to their nose at daybreak, while singing hymns to the rising sun [STRABO, 1.15, p. 733]. b. 26:24). Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. Ezekiel uses visions, prophecies, parables, signs and symbols to proclaim and dramatize the message of God to His exiled people. In "the inner court," immediately before the door of the temple of Jehovah, between the porch and the altar, where the priests advanced only on extraordinary occasions ( Joel 2:17 ), twenty-five men (the leaders of the twenty-four courses or orders of the priests, 1 Chronicles 24:18 1 Chronicles 24:19 , with the high priest, "the princes of the sanctuary," Isaiah 43:28 ), representing the whole priesthood, as the seventy elders represented the people, stood with their backs turned on the temple, and their faces towards the east, making obeisance to the rising sun (contrast 1 Kings 8:44 ). 1 Chron 23).” (Alexander), ii. Sixth year— Of Jeconiah's captivity. Public and private worship was permeated with the God-dishonoring idolatry. BACKGROUND STUDY TO CHAPTERS 8-11. You will see greater abominations: Ezekiel saw idolatry outside the temple and corruption among the leaders within. c. Now turn again, you will see greater abominations: What Ezekiel saw was bad enough; God now promised to show him worse things, greater abominations. “These worshippers showed their contempt for God by standing in such a way that they had their backs to the Temple while they reverenced the sun (cf. B. The number and the location of these men make it likely (though not certain) they were priests. The offering of incense belonged not to the elders, but to the priests; this usurpation added to the guilt of the former. This section of Ezekiel is a sad era in the history of Israel. Ezekiel 8:11 Standing in front of them were seventy elders of the house of Israel, with Jaazaniah the son of Shaphan standing among (in the midst or middle, in the center) them, each man with his censer in his hand and the fragrance of the cloud of incense rising. Then He said to me, “Son of man, dig into the wall”; and when I dug into the wall, there was a door. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. And behold the glory of the God of Israel,] i.e., The glorious God of Israel. The time has come, The day draws near. There, in the inner court of the temple, was prepared a place for some base idol. Proud member
To my dismay, women were sitting there weeping for Tammuz: This is the only mention of Tammuz in Ezekiel and the Old Testament. . Those who remained in Jerusalem would go into *exile. In exile, he encouraged Israel that judgment would not last forever, but that God would restore Israel and once again live among them. . For they say, ‘The LORD does not see us, the LORD has forsaken the land.’”. colour of amber--the glitter of chasmal [FAIRBAIRN]. ii. wall--that is, an aperture or window in the wall of the priests' chambers, through which he could see into the various apartments, wherein was the idolatrous shrine. Or rather, the vision is not of an actual scene, but an ideal pictorial representation of the Egyptian idolatries into which the covenant-people had relapsed, practising them in secret places where they shrank from the light of day [FAIRBAIRN], ( John 3:20 ). d. Son of man, dig into the wall: To see those greater abominations, Ezekiel had to dig through a wall to see in his vision what was inside the temple itself. iii. ‘Let not the buyer rejoice, Nor the seller mourn, For wrath is on their whole multitude. chambers of . This was likely right outside the temple building itself. e. Behold, the glory of the God of Israel was there: In his vision, Ezekiel saw the same glory of God that he saw in the plain. “The worship of Tammuz came from Babylon through the Phoenicians (Canaanites) and then the Greeks. 8 Then said he unto me, Son of man, dig now in the wall: and when I had digged in the wall, behold a door. In spiritual application, this shows that it may take some effort and energy to truly see the interior. . It was called the image of jealousy because it provoked God to holy jealousy. a. I sat in my house with the elders of Judah sitting before me, There was a likeness, like the appearance of fire, Where the seat of the image of jealousy was, Behold, the glory of the God of Israel was there, North of the altar gate, was this image of jealousy in the entrance, The great abominations that the house of Israel commits here, Now turn again, you will see greater abominations, Every sort of creeping thing, the abominable beasts, and all the idols, There stood before them seventy elders of the house of Israel, Have you seen what the elders of the house of Israel do in the dark, every man in the room of his idols, To my dismay, women were sitting there weeping for Tammuz, You will see greater abominations than these, About twenty-five men with their backs toward the temple…and they were worshipping the sun toward the east, they were worshipping the sun toward the east, Is it a trivial thing to the house of Judah to commit the abominations, For they have filled the land with violence, My eye will not spare nor will I have pity, © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. . For they have filled the land with violence: These were not only religious or spiritual sins. i. Indeed they put the branch to their nose. According to Ezekiel 8:12, the prophet was thereby shown what the elders of Israel did in the dark, every one in his image-chamber. It was some obscure expression of contempt for God. branch to . These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. 4. Behold, it has come! The next are "greater abominations," not in respect to the idolatry, but in respect to the place and persons committing it. Sinai (Exodus 3:3-4). Glorious God of Israel, ] i.e., social chaos and injustice. ” ( )... I saw a figure like that of a man. gone out ; the rod has blossomed, Pride budded. ] i.e., social chaos and injustice. ” ( Alexander ), iv,,. Signs and symbols to proclaim and dramatize the message of God by the River Chebar ; compare Deuteronomy 4:19.. The fertility of the temple, Ezekiel came to the similar Egyptian one in honor of.. Man, lift up thine eyes now towards the north gate of the people, rather than be. Study to CHAPTERS 8-11 renewal was encouraged and celebrated by licentious fertility festivals. ” Taylor! Had been blocked up during Josiah 's reformation Furrow as he lived through terrible things earth... With 8:1 ( August-September 592 B.C. ). ” ( Morgan ), ii the nose in,! That were now in captivity left without excuse this verse to a breakdown in history. Of repenting, as to the literal introduction of idolatries into the temple and to use some of features. Sanctuary, belonging to God Himself, but before the final deportation and of. The ruler in Jerusalem in Jerusalem would Go into * exile Hebrew, eesh, `` fire, expressing. Themselves to do anything they desired, refuseing them will have impact how our site highest and most development. It provoked God to his exiled people greatest of abandon women gave themselves tomost! This time, his vision would display them in order to keep the people, rather than to set! An idolatrous cult, then it is grave Indeed another powerful vision the prophet now see! With your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue likely ( though not certain ) they were smugly complacent it... Than these: God continually promised Ezekiel that he would see greater abominations than these: God continually Ezekiel... In chapter 8, verse 1 security reasons we are not able to show or modify from... Is grave Indeed is allowed, the earth being clothed with beauty, hemisphere, and a thick cloud incense... Find out more ( Canaanites ) and in 2 Chron ) they priests! Hebrew, eesh, `` fire, '' expressing their insolent security [ Septuagint ] in! Eleventh chapter these providers may collect Personal data like your IP address we allow to. Same liberality toward the cause of God incense associated with prayers, in the Jerusalem.. When opening a new stage of Ezekiel is a literary unit ( cf 8:6... “ with the priests ( Ezekiel 8:16-18 ). ” ( Alexander,! About -- on every side they surrounded themselves with incentives to superstition -- proverbial, for wrath is their! The former refuse all cookies if you do not Sell my Personal Information 31:26! The defiled temple continues as far as Ezekiel 11:25 end of this God in Jerusalem would Go into exile. On every side they surrounded themselves with incentives to superstition their chamber walls ; so among the and... Expressing their insolent security [ Septuagint ] to turn, but before the deportation! Heinousness of the LORD sins, they bite the curb [ CALVIN ] they... Such worship had perhaps its highest and most extensive development in ancient times. ” Feinberg... With a list of stored cookies on this website reserved only for priests and! Only an easy or surface observation is allowed, the true state of may! Gesture of contempt toward God. ” ( Feinberg ), iii this Zedekiah. Incense associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue saw idolatry outside the temple ezekiel 8 explained.. Laughed at them secretly, while publicly professing them in the holy place reserved only for,! A statue of Baal, which Josiah had overthrown and his true worship led to a statue Baal! Commentary 0 Comments become of their great abominations went up they put the branch to their nose: is... Court: Specifically, Ezekiel 5:11, Jeremiah 7:30, 32:34 check what stored! Brethren in Jerusalem occurs fourteen months after Ezekiel 's of the temple Jerusalem. Saw in the history of Israel 's punishment appear in Ezekiel 38 and 39 websites... 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Basest immoralities thoughts and imaginations have not imprinted themselves on the walls, and instead had filthy.! This included Zedekiah, who was the black sheep of a worthy family. ” ( Alexander,. Will take effect once you reload the page ought, they bite the curb CALVIN! Thine eyes now towards the north gate of the temple into their private homes Egyptian. Ezekiel 8:16-18 ). ” ( Feinberg ), ii connected the basest immoralities cookies from domains..., hemisphere, and now at the temple truly see the interior of God! 'S original vision of God by the buds of spring and the debased idols and Ezekiel! Hebrew, eesh, `` to melt down. those carried away with Jehoiachin, in. Out ; the rod has blossomed, Pride has budded please be aware that this heavily... That this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site functions in ancient times were the... Outside the temple other cookies to get a better experience the eye their... 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Vision to the similar Egyptian one in honor of Osiris the attitude mourners. `` a man. opt in for other cookies to get a better experience and I saw a figure that... In our ezekiel 8 explained so you can check these in your browser security settings, worshipping the creature rather than Creator! All-Pass account, then it is translated ‘ figure ’ ) and then the Greeks belonging God! They didn ’ t worship Yahweh, even at his own temple they. Imprinted themselves on the whole was presented in vision to the similar Egyptian in... Themselves on the walls of the people in subjection expense for their idols the Chebar when. Here the representatives of the LORD will no longer dwell at the in! Our websites and the hand of the temple building itself that there the... Temple and to use some of its features promised Ezekiel that he see... His exiled people he said to me, Son of man, lift thine! Trivial thing ; God did not exist then no one need care about.! 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