Dass ich nimmer vergesse dein! J.S. The date is confirmed in Bach's autograph manuscript. Bach then embarks upon a journey back to the opening key, via the dominant A major of Part V to the jubilant re-assertion of D major in the final part, lending an overall arc to the piece. Coro: Jauchzet, frohlocket, auf preiset die Tage (D major) 2. In the oratorio there is, however, no association with the pain and suffering evoked in the Passion. Were he to have followed the calendar, the story would have unfolded as follows: This would have resulted in the Holy Family fleeing before the Magi had arrived, which was unsuitable for an oratorio evidently planned as a coherent whole. English Translation in Interlinear Format Cantata BWV 248/1 - Shout for joy, exult, rise up, glorify the day Christmas Oratorio I: Event: Cantata for Christmas Day Readings: Epistle: Titus 2: 11-14 / Isaiah 9: 2-7; Gospel: Luke 2: 1-14 Text: Christian Friedrich Henrici (Picander); Paul Gerhardt (Mvt. Tweet on Twitter. Clocking in at well over three hours of music, Bach’s Christmas Oratorio is rarely heard in full in the UK. The two most popular vocal scores for Bach's Christmas Oratorio are shown below. As John Butt has mentioned,[72] this points, as in the Mass in B minor, to a unity beyond the performance constraints of the church year. Before Bach wrote the Christmas Oratorio, he already wrote some cantatas for the Christmas season. Parts I and III are similarly scored for exuberant trumpets, while the Pastoral Part II (referring to the Shepherds) is, by contrast, scored for woodwind instruments and does not include an opening chorus. English Conductor Sir John Eliot Gardiner (*1943) found the perfect setting for his recording of J. S. Bach's Christmas Oratorio; the historic Herder Church in Weimar. [46], Martin Luther's 1539 "Vom Himmel hoch, da komm ich her" melody appears in three chorales: twice on a text by Paul Gerhardt in Part II of the oratorio, and the first time, in the closing chorale of Part I, with the 13th stanza of Luther's hymn as text. In Germany, Bach’s Christmas Oratorio is the seasonal equivalent to the English-speaking world’s Messiah. Markus Rathey's book is the first thorough study of this popular masterpiece in English. Zu ruhn in meines Herzens Schrein, Following the huge success of 2015's Magnificat & Christmas Cantata, Dunedin Consort releases its eagerly awaited follow up, Bach's Christmas Oratorio. : Christmas Oratorio, St. Matthew Passion, St. John Passion, Mass in B minor by English Baroque Soloists & John Eliot Gardiner on Apple Music. [35][39] The trio aria in Part V "Ach, wenn wird die Zeit erscheinen?" Part V is meant to be performed on the Sunday between New Year's Day and, Samantha Owens, Barbara M. Reul, Janice B. Stockigt, Das Alte Werk (Warner), 2564698540 (1973, re-released 2008), Decca (Philips), 4759155 (1987, re-released 2007), Harmonia Mundi, HMX 2901630.31 (1997, re-released 2004), Channel Classics Records, CCS SA 20103 (2003), liturgical calendar of the German reformation era, Sanctus for six vocal parts, BWV 232/III (early version), 1728–29 Picander published a cantata libretto cycle, Late church cantatas by Johann Sebastian Bach § Christmas to Epiphany, List of chorale harmonisations by Johann Sebastian Bach § BWV 248, Bach's four-part chorales published by Birnstiel, "Vergiss mein nicht, vergiss mein nicht", BWV 505, Und es waren Hirten in derselben Gegend, BWV 248 II, Herrscher des Himmels, erhöre das Lallen, BWV 248 III, Fallt mit Danken, fallt mit Loben, BWV 248 IV, Herr, wenn die stolzen Feinde schnauben, BWV 248 VI, Sortable Index of the Chorales by J.S. In addition to the new compositions listed above, special mention must go to the recitatives, which knit together the oratorio into a coherent whole. Bach: Christmas Oratorio WEIHNACHTS-ORATORIUM, BWV 248. By. The structure of the story is defined to a large extent by the particular requirements of the church calendar for Christmas 1734/35. John Butt delivers another revelatory performance which propelled this recording onto many of 2016's 'Best of' lists. Each section combines choruses (a pastoral Sinfonia opens Part II instead of a chorus), chorales and from the soloists recitatives, ariosos and arias. The alto aria in Part III, "Schließe, mein Herze" was originally to have been set to the music for the aria "Durch die von Eifer entflammten Waffen" from BWV 215. In the liturgical calendar of the German reformation era in Saxony, the Christmas season started on 25 December (Christmas Day) and ended on 6 January (Epiphany). Recit. [71] A new edition has been worked up by Neil Jenkins. It was incorporated within services of the two most important churches in Leipzig, St. Thomas and St. Nicholas. Chorales. Karl Richter’s famous 1965 recording of Bach’s Christmas Oratorio with a quartet of stunning soloists 3 LP gatefold. In some performances sung by the Angel (soprano). To reinforce this connection, between the beginning and the end of the work, Bach re-uses the chorale melody of Part I's "Wie soll ich dich empfangen" in the final chorus of Part VI, "Nun seid ihr wohl gerochen"; this choral melody is the same as of "O Haupt voll Blut und Wunden", which Bach used five times in his St Matthew Passion. The oratorio has 6 parts. Presented as an evening, all six cantatas, it is a challenging form. 7 of part I ("Er ist auf Erden kommen arm") and even more ingeniously in the recitatives nos. Christmas Oratorio II 1 (10). Stream songs including "Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: No.1 Chorus: "Jauchzet, frohlocket"", "Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: No.2 Evangelist: "Es begab sich aber zu der Zeit"" and more. [28] In 1728–29 Picander published a cantata libretto cycle, leading to at least two further Christmas season cantatas by Bach: A Christmas oratorio presented as a cycle of six cantatas, to be performed on several days during the Christmas period, was not uncommon in Bach's day: Gottfried Heinrich Stölzel, whose church music was not unknown to Bach and Leipzig churchgoers,[31] had composed such Christmas oratorios in 1719 and 1728.[32][33][34]. The words tell the story of the birth of Jesus. 64, closing chorale of Part VI). It may have even been the case that the Christmas Oratorio was already planned when Bach wrote the secular cantatas BWV 213, 214 and 215, given that the original works were written fairly close to the oratorio and the seamless way with which the new words fit the existing music.[70]. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Christmas_Oratorio&oldid=7232722, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. Stream songs including "Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: I Chorus: "Jauchzet, frohlocket"", "Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248: II Evangelist: Es begab sich aber zu der Zeit"" and more. Ach mein herzliebes Jesulein, 33 of the oratorio appears to be based on, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 22:47. ‘There is no more life-giving, joy-enhancing experience in Bach’s music than a great performance of the Christmas Oratorio,’ writes the composer’s biographer Nicholas Kenyon. The author of the text is unknown, although a likely collaborator was Christian Friedrich Henrici (Picander). » Im Forum nach Christmas Oratorio [J S Bach and gen ] fragen: Recent Searches. The original score also contains details of when each part was performed. The … The words tell the story of the birth of Jesus. The music represents a particularly sophisticated expression of the parody technique, by which existing music is adapted to a new purpose. Each part is performed for a certain day in the Christmas season. By notational convention the recitatives are in common time. The opening chorus, “Celebrate, rejoice, rise up and… glorify what the Highest has done today,” was completely original. Bach abandoned his usual practice when writing church cantatas of basing the content upon the Gospel reading for that day in order to achieve a coherent narrative structure. This page was last changed on 29 December 2020, at 11:00. Prepare thy creddil in my spreit, The instruments used in part I are 3 trumpets, timpani, 2 flutes, 2 oboes (each player also plays an oboe d'amore), 2 violins, viola, and the basso continuo. But the epitome of Christmas music is Bach’s Christmas Oratorio, which opens with a drum roll. The instruments used in part II are 2 horns, 2 oboes, 2 violins, viola, and the basso continuo. Genug, mein Schatz geht nicht von hier, Und da die Engel von ihnen gen Himmel fuhren, 3 trumpets, timpani, 2 flutes, 2 oboes, strings (violin I, II, viola) and continuo (cello, violone, organ and bassoon), 3 trumpets, timpani, 2 flutes, 2 oboes, strings and continuo (cello, violone, organ and bassoon), 2 flutes, 2 oboe d'amore, 2 oboe da caccia, strings, continuo, Recitative (Evangelist, tenor; Angel, soprano), 2 oboe d'amore, 2 oboe da caccia, strings, continuo, 2 oboe d'amore, 2 oboe da caccia, continuo, Trumpet I, II, III, timpani, flute I, II, oboe I, II, strings, continuo, Flute I, II, oboe d'amore I, II, strings, continuo, Flute I, II, oboe I, II, strings, continuo, Horns I, II, oboe I, II, strings, continuo, Oboe d'amore I solo, organ senza continuo, Trumpet I, II, III, timpani, oboe I, II, strings, continuo, BWV 248a (lost church cantata); Words: Georg Werner, 1648, Before his Leipzig period he composed, as part of. Bach: Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248 / Part One - For The First Day Of Christmas - No. Nevertheless, on two occasions Bach abandoned the original plan and was compelled to write new music for the Christmas Oratorio. The total running time for the entire work is nearly three hours. [43][44][45] The first chorale tune appears in the 5th movement of Part I: it is the tune known as Herzlich tut mich verlangen, that is, the same hymn tune which Bach used in his St Matthew Passion for setting several stanzas of Paul Gerhardt's "O Haupt voll Blut und Wunden" ("O Sacred Head, Now Wounded"). Bach expresses the unity of the whole work within the music itself, in part through his use of key signatures. Also 26 and 27 December (second and third day of Christmas) were commonly considered feast days, with festive music in church. However, numbers 10, 12, 14, 17, 18, 19 and 21 in Part II call for 2 oboe d'amore and 2 oboe da caccia. [PDF] + Video - Choir and Orchestra - Baroque * License : Public Domain - 6 Parts/Days, 64 pieces : I. Jauchzet, frohlocket, auf, preiset die Tage (Cantata for Christmas Day) 1. Listen to Bach, J.S. Part IV is written for New Year's Day (January 1). Bach: Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248 / Part One - For The First Day Of Christmas - No.2 Evangelist: "Es begab sich aber zu der Zeit" da Anthony Rolfe Johnson and English … The Gospel text included by Bach in his six Christmas Oratorio cantatas consists of: The Gospel readings for the Third Day of Christmas (Prologue of the Gospel of John), and for the Sunday after New Year (the Flight to Egypt) are not directly used in the Christmas Oratorio. It is a reference to the pastoral music tradition of shepherds playing. 7, 9) Chorale Text: It tells the story of the birth of Jesus, based on the gospels of Matthew and Luke. The work belongs to a group of three oratorios written in 1734 and 1735 for major feasts, the other two works being the Ascension Oratorio (BWV 11) and the Easter Oratorio (BWV 249). Christmas message Christmas midnight mass christmas miracle Christmas money Christmas morning Christmas motif Christmas movie Christmas music Christmas night Christmas novel Christmas Oratorio Christmas package Christmas palm In his German-language church music, Bach uses Lutheran chorale melodies. The Christmas Oratorio is exceptional in that it contains a few hymn settings, or versions of hymn tunes, for which there is no known earlier source than Bach's composition:[49][50], There are very few known hymn tunes by Bach (he used Lutheran hymn tunes in the large majority of his sacred compositions, but rarely one of his own invention): apart from what can be found in the Christmas Oratorio, there appears to be one, partly inspired by a pre-existing melody, in the motet Komm, Jesu, komm, BWV 229 (composed before 1731–32),[56] and at least one entirely by Bach, "Vergiss mein nicht, vergiss mein nicht", BWV 505, in Schemellis Gesangbuch (published in 1736).[57]. It was written for the Christmas season of that year. [27] Ihr Häuser des Himmels, ihr scheinenden Lichter, BWV 193a, composed in 1727, is another secular cantata on a text by Picander which was, shortly after its first performance, reworked into a sacred cantata (Ihr Tore zu Zion, BWV 193). Until 1999 the only complete English version of the Christmas Oratorio was that prepared in 1874 by John Troutbeck for the music publisher Novello. Bach took the majority of the choruses and arias from works which had been written some time earlier. As can be seen below, the work was only performed in its entirety at the St. Nicholas Church. The Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248, is an oratorio by Johann Sebastian Bach intended for performance in church during the Christmas season. The first English-language monography on the Christmas Oratorio was published in 2004. Musicologist Alfred Dürr[69] and others, such as Christoph Wolff[70] have suggested that Bach's sometime collaborator Picander (the pen name of Christian Friedrich Henrici) wrote the new text, working closely with Bach to ensure a perfect fit with the re-used music. All three of these oratorios to some degree parody earlier compositions. [40], Like for most of his German-language church music, Bach used Lutheran hymns, and their Lutheran chorale tunes, in his Christmas Oratorio. The instruments used in part II are 2 oboes d'amore, 2 violins, viola, and the basso continuo. It consists of six cantatas that between them tell the story of the Nativity, and the events of the following week or so. Some of the music is based from Bach's other works. The Gospel narrative of this oratorio followed, to a certain extent, the respective Gospel readings of the church services where the six cantatas of the Christmas Oratorio were to be performed for the first time. John Sebastian Bach's Christmas Oratorio, composed in 1734, both reflects this new piety and conveys the composer's experience living through this tumult during his own childhood and early career. The oratorio was written in 1734. The scoring below[72] refers to parts, rather than necessarily to individual players. was almost certainly intended to be set to the music of the chorus "Lust der Völker, Lust der Deinen" from BWV 213, given the close correspondence between the texts of the two pieces. Markus Rathey, an associate professor at Yale University, recently published a 432-page book on one of Johann Sebastian Bach’s most famous pieces: the Christmas Oratorio. Every locale of even modest size produces it, the audience seems to be virtually humming along. Bach: Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248 / Part Four - For New Year's Day - No. J.S. It was written for the Christmas season of 1734 and incorporates music from earlier compositions, including three secular cantatas written during 1733 and 1734 and a largely lost church cantata, BWV 248a. In his German-language church music, Bach uses Lutheran chorale melodies. Jordan Smith-Sep 25, 2016. 39 in part IV. Bach's Christmas oratorio // On St. Nicolas-Day, the choir of the Staatsoper Unter den Linden is performing Johann Sebastian Bach's famous Christmas oratorio in the impressive atmosphere [...] of the Church of Gethsemane. Sinfonia 2 (11). Listen to J. S. Bach: Christmas Oratorio by English Baroque Soloists & John Eliot Gardiner on Apple Music. Most of this music was 'secular', that is written in praise of royalty or notable local figures, outside the tradition of performance within the church.[1]. That Bach saw the six parts as comprising a greater, unified whole is evident both from the surviving printed text and from the structure of the music itself. Bach, Background note by Neil Jenkins on his translation of Bach's Christmas Oratorio, 1999, Bach Werke Verzeichnis: Kleine Ausgabe – Nach der von Wolfgang Schmieder vorgelegten 2. Parts Part I. J.S. 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Is based from Bach 's other works preceded by Advent, and followed by the Sing-Akademie zu Berlin Eduard! These sections are also numbered consecutively Heinrich Stölzels in Bachs Aufführungsrepertoire https: //simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php? &...

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