Flora (plants) are classified as follows: 10. Want to know about Flora and Fauna of Himachal Pradesh and Kerala? Himachal Pradesh is one of the states that lies in the Indian Himalayan Region (IHR), one of the richest reservoirs of biological diversity in the world. Himachal Pradesh has always been a winter paradise for visitors who want to take a respite after the harsh summer months. However, Raja Ram Singh, Raja of Siba State, captured the fort of Siba from the remnants of Lahore Darbar in Samvat 1846,[15] during the First Anglo-Sikh War. [30] Great Himalayan National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and Pin Valley National Park are the national Parks located in the state. To address this, a workshop on ‘Endangered Medicinal Plant Species in Himachal Pradesh’ was held in 2002 and the conference was attended by forty experts from diverse disciplines. [40], The era of planning in Himachal Pradesh started in 1951 along with the rest of India with the implementation of the first five-year plan. [83] Hamirpur district has the highest road density in the country. [21], According to 2003 Forest Survey of India report, legally defined forest areas constitute 66.52% of the area of Himachal Pradesh. Flora and Fauna On both sides of the valley, spread over 675 square kilometers are alpine pasture lands with a dry alpine and scrub type of vegetation that supports some rare and highly endangered species of wild animals. The southernmost tracts are dominated by sal (Shorea robusta), sisham, chir pine, dry deciduous and moist broad-leafed forests. Flora & Fauna A green pearl in the Himalayan crown, Himachal Pradesh is blessed with a rich flora and fauna that graces the land with grandeur and majesty. Flora of Himachal Pradesh vol - 3. The state shares a border to the east with the Tibet Autonomous Region in China. species or 7.32 percent are reported in Himachal Pradesh. The state of Himachal Pradesh is divided into 12 districts[40] which are grouped into three divisions, Shimla, Kangra and Mandi. The North west Himalaya (zone 2A of Rodgers and Panwar 1992) forms a distinct biogeographic zone in the Himalaya. (2002) Medicinal Plants of Indian Trans-Himalaya: Focus on Tibetan Use of Medicinal Resources. You are in the right place! [64] The state has an abundance of hydropower resources because of the presence of various perennial rivers. If you are planning to visit Himachal get in touch with Surnise Universal suffrage is granted to residents. The Buddhists, who constitute 1.15%, are mainly natives and tribals from Lahaul and Spiti, where they form a majority of 62%, and Kinnaur, where they form 21.5%. [116] The day-to-day cuisine of Himachalis is similar to the rest of northern India with Punjabi and Tibetan influences. (2005) Health traditions of Buddhist community and role of amchis in trans-Himalayan region of India. Most of the state lies on the foothills of the Dhauladhar Range. [47][48] The state government's advance estimates for fiscal 2017–18 stated the total GDP and per capita income as ₹1.359 trillion and ₹158,462, respectively. If you are vegetarian, friends, this is the best place as usually you need to search and find such places. Other animals that can be sighted in the wild include the ibex, wild yak, ghoral deer, musk deer, Himalayan black bear, brown bear, leopards and the Himalayan Thar . HTML Layer. Snowy mountain range appears to be in sky. The state animal is the Snow leopard, which is even rarer to find than the jujurana. With remarkable economic and social advancements, the state has changed rapidly. [55], Agriculture accounts for 9.4% of the net state domestic product. Flora and fauna. The region also has some of the oldest Buddhist Monasteries in the world [128], The standard of education in the state has reached a considerably high level as compared to other states in India[127] with several reputed educational institutes for higher studies. Through their dance and music, the Himachali people entreat their gods during local festivals and other special occasions. Sd. The Kalka-Shimla Railway passes through many tunnels and Bridgies, while the Pathankot–Jogindernagar meanders through a maze of hills and valleys. The views of Taradevi temple is best part Under the leadership of Amar Singh Thapa, the Nepali army laid siege to Kangra. [118][119], At the time of Independence, Himachal Pradesh had a literacy rate of 8% – one of the lowest in the country. Indira Gandhi Medical College and Hospital in Shimla, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College in Kangra, Rajiv Gandhi Government Post Graduate Ayurvedic College in Paprola and Homoeopathic Medical College & Hospital in Kumarhatti are the prominent medical institutes in the state. Himachal Pradesh Rain, Flora and Fauna वर्षा - हिमाचल प्रदेश में प्रतिवर्ष 1600 मिमी. [72] Shimla, the state's capital, is home to Asia's only natural ice-skating rink. [15] Some, including the rulers of Chamba, Bilaspur, Bhagal and Dhami, rendered help to the British government during the revolt. Juniper, birch and poplar groves grow on some fertile patches of the valley. Flora of Himachal Pradesh vol - 2. Himachal Pradesh is located in the Northern region of India. [117] Lentils (Dāl), rice (Chāwal or Bhāț), vegetables (Sabzī) and chapati (wheat flatbread) form the staple food of the local population. The flora of Kerala. Himachal is the fruit bowl of the country with orchards scattered all over the place. Himachal Pradesh have been incorporated in this publication which show actual picture of both states. De, Anuradha & Khera, Reetika & Samson, Meera & Shiva Kumar, A. K., 2011. Bir Billing is the centre for aero sports in Himachal and considered as best for paragliding. The vision is to preserve and protect the natural (both flora and fauna) and cultural heritage of Himachal Pradesh, provide opportunities to enhance livelihood of local peopie, generate resources for sustainable development and promote greater understanding and appreciation for this heritage through authentic Eco-Tourism initiatives. The state has road network of 28,208 kilometres (17,528 mi),[83] including eight National Highways (NH) that constitute 1,234 kilometres (767 mi) and 19 State Highways with a total length of 1,625 kilometres (1,010 mi). [78] It is an electrified track since 1999. HTML Layer. GoHimachal.info provides complete travel Himachal Pradesh has around 463 bird and 359 animal species, including the leopard, snow leopard (the state animal), ghoral, musk deer and western tragopan. Efforts made by the Officers and the staff preparing this issue, are praise worthy. Rooms are clean and give a beautiful morning view. The State itself is a post-independence creation. The total route length of the operational railway network in the state is 296.26 kilometres (184.09 mi). [77] The air routes connect the state with Delhi and Chandigarh. Himachal Pradesh also hosts a campus of the prestigious fashion college, National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT) in Kangra. Himachal Pradesh is spread across valleys with many perennial rivers flowing through them. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun, India. Broadly, Himachal experiences three seasons: summer, winter, and rainy season. [90] The child sex ratio increased from 896 in 2001 to 909 in 2011. Himachal is known for its narrow-gauge railways. [22] Vegetation in the state is dictated by elevation and precipitation. Muslims are mainly concentrated in Sirmaur, Chamba, Una and Solan districts where they form 2.53-6.27% of the population. [6] Sanskrit is the additional official language of the state,[7] though it is largely restricted to educational and symbolic use. [15] They consolidated their military power and began to expand their territory. Although neighbouring state Uttarakhand is famous as the land of the gods because of the major Hindu shrines like Badrinath( One of the Char Dham), Kedarnath, Adi- Kailasha, Origin of holy rivers like Ganges, Yamuna, Holy city Haridwar, Rishikesh etc. [60] Apples from Himachal are exported to other Indian states and even other countries. They take upmost care in providing vegetarian food and services. How to reach Simbalbara National park. [66] Himachal's hydro-electric power production is however yet to be fully utilised. [59], Apple is the principal cash crop of the state grown principally in the districts of Shimla, Kinnaur, Kullu, Mandi, Chamba and some parts of Sirmaur and Lahaul-Spiti with an average annual production of five lakh tonnes and per hectare production of 8 to 10 tonnes. Himalayan flora & fauna The transition zones from sub-tropical warmth to arctic colds are telescoped into a mere 250 kilometers (156 miles) between the Punjab plains and the Tibetan plateau, Himachal Pradesh is an ideal habitat for a rich species of flora and fauna. The views are amazing and everything you expect from hilly place. (Yamuna, Satluj, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Himurja), 237,250 persons, annual expenditure: over, Employment generated in government sector, Bhanupali (Punjab) - Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh, This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 07:37. Loved the Beauty of the Place. DomainMarket.com sells premium domain names to entrepreneurs, businesses, and nonprofits that want to dominate their online marketplaces and … This was a drastic increase from the 13% that was recorded in 2006–2007. Himachal Pradesh shares borders with the Union territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh to the north, and the states of Punjab to the west, Haryana to the southwest, and Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh to the south. [15] Gradually, the Kingdom of Nepal annexed Sirmour and Shimla. The Kingdom of Gorkha conquered many kingdoms and came to power in Nepal in 1768. The rhododendrons you see along the hillsides around Shimla from March to May are breathtakingly beautiful. Explore Mystical Himalayas, Get Best Travel Quotes. These rivers are perennial and are fed by snow and rainfall. [118] Himachali specialities include Siddu, Babru, Khatta, Mhanee, Channa Madra, Patrode, Mah Ki Dal, Chamba-Style Fried Fish, Kullu Trout, Chha Gosht, Pahadi Chicken, Sepu Badi, Auriya Kaddu, Aloo Palda, Pateer, Makki Ki Roti and Sarson Ka Saag, Chouck, Bhagjery and Chutney of Til. Vegetation in the state is dictated by elevation and precipitation. Night ...... Churdhar Sanctuary Churdhar Sanctuary is situated on the Churdhar Peak in Sirmaur District, of Himachal Pradesh and lies at an altitude varying from 2000 m to 3647 m. Churdhar peak is the highest peak in outer Himalayas. Flora and Fauna of Himachal Pradesh Himachal is a land of jade forests and fresh air. [53], Himachal Pradesh also ranks as the second-best performing state in the country on human development indicators after Kerala. [15] The Kols and Mundas are believed to be the original inhabitants to the hills of present-day Himachal Pradesh followed by the Bhotas and Kiratas. Manali, from where this excursion begins, has lush evergreen coniferous forests of deodar trees. [95] The infant mortality rate stood at 40 in 2010, and the crude birth rate has declined from 37.3 in 1971 to 16.9 in 2010, below the national average of 26.5 in 1998. The state-owned Himachal Road Transport Corporation with a fleet of over 3,100,[85] operates bus services connecting important cities and towns with villages within the state and also on various interstate routes. Room, was neat & Clean. Himachal hosted the first Paragliding World Cup in India from 24 to 31 October in 2015. According to 2003 Forest Survey of India report, legally defined forest areas constitute 66.52% of the area of Himachal Pradesh, although area under tree cover is only 25.78%. [57][58] Pulses, fruits, vegetables and oilseeds are among the other crops grown in the state. [120] By 2011, the literacy rate surged to over 82%,[121][5] making Himachal one of the most-literate states in the country. dry mixed deciduous forest and group 5/051 i.e. Sparse patches of deciduous sal trees are also found here, along with groves of poplars, walnuts, figs and oak. Overall economical and best !! The important part is this place is still untouched from hustle bustle of city. From thick sub-tropical forests to the dry alpine vegetation, Himachal home to a wide variety of animals. [34] It is one of the rarest living pheasants in the world. Some of the most commonly spoken individual languages are Kangri, Mandeali, Kulvi, Chambeali, Bharmauri and Kinnauri. The state possesses a host of gorgeous hill stations of India – including Shimla, Kullu, Manali, Khajjiar, Dalhousie, Dharamshala, Chail, etc, alluring tourists from all over the world. Along with the bio-climatic conditions, the biodiversity of the state is also shaped by the livelihood options followed in the state such as agriculture and livestock mixed farming system, apple orchards and pastoralism. The hilly state is almost universally electrified with 99.5% of the households having electricity as of 2016. Current Science, 89 (8): 1331–1338. There are six main Winter lasts from late November till mid-March. Himachal Pradesh flora and fauna. [15], Himachal is in the western Himalayas. I hope this publication would be helpful for researchers, administrators, policy makers and other users to understand the current economic and social status of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh. Famous Places In Himachal Pradesh - Located in the lap of Himalayas, Himachal Pradesh is one of the top tourist places State of India. The state government has also decided to start three major nursing colleges to develop the healthcare system of the state. Nature Park Kufri: Shimla Kufri is a well known tourist resort near Shimla. The Great Himalayan National Park in Kullu – the first in the state – was created to conserve the flora and fauna of the main Himalayan range, while the Pin Valley National Park to conserve the flora and fauna of the cold desert. [54] One of the Indian government's key initiatives to tackle unemployment is the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA). HISTORY Himachal Pradesh is called the “Devbhumi” as it is regarded asthe Land of the Gods. [130] CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwavidyalya Palampur is one of the most renowned hill agriculture institutes in the world. The First Plan allocated ₹52.7 million to Himachal Pradesh. Almost 90% of the state's population lives in rural areas. The state government is gearing up to make Himachal the flower basket of the world. They are protected by an extensive cover of natural vegetation.[19]. Along with this diversity, comes a vast range of flora and fauna. At present there are 32 Sanctuaries, 2 National Parks and 3 Games Reserves. The Simbalbara Wildlife Sanctuary was declared as a National Park in the year of 2010. Assembly meetings are presided over by the Speaker or the Deputy Speaker in the Speaker's absence. Flora & Fauna. There are over 10,000 primary schools, 1,000 secondary schools and more than 1,300 high schools in the state. [105] The tribal population of the state consists mainly of Gaddis, Gujjars, Kanauras, Pangwalas, Bhots, Swanglas and Lahaulas. Nestled in Himalayan Peaks and glorious sun downs. Biological Conservation, 93 (3): 371-379. While higher levels of education do reflect a gender-based disparity, Himachal is still significantly ahead of other states at bridging the gap. Receptionist was very welcoming and informative… Me and my friends. FLora of Madhya Pradesh vol - 1 . [67] The identified hydroelectric potential for the state is 27,436 MW in five river basins[65] while the hydroelectric capacity in 2016 was 10,351 MW. Geographical area (sq km) 55,673. [96] Himachal Pradesh's literacy rate has almost doubled between 1981 and 2011 (see table to right). meet an intensive space of fifty five,000 sq km, Himachal is home to the various rare and vulnerable animal species. [111][112] The former has served six terms as the Chief Minister of the state while the latter is a two-time Chief Minister. scientific studies and long term monitoring of the flora and fauna including those listed under various threat categories by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and natural resources (IUCN). Very cooperative and helpful staff. This includes the leopard, which is the most widely distributed mammal in the entire state, the snow leopard, ghoral (goat-like stout animal), musk deer which is the state animal and monal (a pretty bird in nine iridescent colours), the state bird. March 22. [126] The Hamirpur District in particular stands out for high literacy rates across all metrics of measurement. The legislature consists of elected members and special office bearers such as the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker who are elected by the members. The predominantly mountainous region comprising the present-day Himachal Pradesh has been inhabited since pre-historic times having witnessed multiple waves of human migration from other areas. [73] Spiti Valley in Lahaul and Spiti District situated at an altitude of over 3000 metres with its picturesque landscapes is an important destination for adventure seekers. Additional Indo-Aryan languages spoken include Punjabi (native to 4.4% of the population), Nepali (1.3%), Chinali, Lahul Lohar, and others. The common languages spoken are Hindi, Pahari, and Punjabi. of 1950). It forms the catchments of Manalsu khad. [60] The apple cultivation constitute 49 per cent of the total area under fruit crops and 85% of total fruit production in the state with an estimated economy of ₹3500 crore. Himachal Pradesh is one of the most beautiful and strategically important states in India. Travels Shimla. | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to download . Many high-capacity hydropower plants have been constructed which produce surplus electricity that is sold to other states, such as Delhi, Punjab and West Bengal. Summer lasts from mid-April till the end of June and most parts become very hot (except in the alpine zone which experiences a mild summer) with the average temperature ranging from 28 to 32 °C (82 to 90 °F). Census of India (2011), the states and union territories of India, Mid-Himalayan Watershed Development Project, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, List of institutions of higher education in Himachal Pradesh, Baddi University of Emerging Sciences and Technologies, National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur, Indian Institute of Information Technology Una, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwavidyalya Palampur, Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Jawaharlal Nehru Government Engineering College, "Telangana's 'people's leader' Bandaru Dattatreya appointed Himachal Pradesh Governor", "Justice Lingappa Narayana Swamy Takes Oath As Himachal Chief Justice", "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 52nd report (July 2014 to June 2015)", "Bill to make Sanskrit second official language of HP passed", "Census 2011, Chapter 6 (State of Literacy), p.14", "Himachal becomes India's second 'Open Defecation Free' state, to get Rs 9,000 cr funding from World Bank", "HP least corrupt state: CMS-India study", "Corruption on decline in India; Karnataka ranked most corrupt, Himachal Pradesh least: Survey", "Himachal initiates rs 1134 crore horticultural developmental project", "In Himachal Pradesh Striking gold with marigold", "Wild Life: Himachal Pradesh Forest Department", "Himachal to have new State Animal, Bird and Flower – Hill Post", "Who is Jairam Thakur – front runner for Himachal Pradesh CM post after Prem Kumar Dhumal's shock defeat", "DIVISIONAL COMMISSIONER, Kangra Division, Dharamshala", "MAP (Parliamentary & Assembly Constituencies of HP)", "Economic Survey projects Himachal Pradesh's growth rate at 7.7% - Times of India", "Growth rate for Himachal Pradesh estimated at 6.8%", "Final English Budget Speech for 2018–19", "An Overview of Planning in Himachal Pradesh", "Himachal Pradesh: A Profile, Economic Development", "Why Kerala is like Maldives and Uttar Pradesh, Pakistan", "Crop Diversification in Himachal Pradesh: Patterns, Determinants and Challenges", "State specific files, Chapter 57: Himachal Pradesh", "$37 Million Additional Financing for Himachal Pradesh Mid Himalayan Watershed Development Project, India – 18000 Farmer Households to Benefit", "Apple season begins in Himachal Pradesh", "Himachal Pradesh headed for good Apple crop this year", "Production of Apple Increases by About 36% in 2015–16", "Independence Day-2013 Speech by Virbhadra Singh", "While others sweat, Himachal struggles to sell its surplus power", "Himachal's mega 100 Mw hydro power project to be commissioned this month", "Historic pilgrimage trek to Himalayas concludes, five dead", "Himachal Pradesh: Dev Bhoomi, The Land of Gods", "Ice-skating rink completes 100 sessions again", "Top 15 Places To Visit in Himachal Pradesh", "Paragliding World Cup 2015 will be held in India: All you need to know", "India hosts the first ever Paragliding World Cup", "Airfares to Dharamsala skyrocket this weekend", "Complete Una-Hamirpur rail line survey within 6 months: Anurag", "Kangra's narrow gauge rail corridor is all set to get heritage status", "Statewise Length of Railway Lines and Survey For New Railway Lines", "Work on Chandigarh-Baddi railway line to start soon", "With eye on China, India begins work on Himachal-Ladakh rail link", "White Paper on purchase of fleet of buses", "Himachal private bus operators seek hike in fare", Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901, "Census 2011:Population size and Decadal change", "STATISTICAL ABSTRACT OF HIMACHAL PRADESH 2015–16: I – AREA AND POPULATION- Table 1.17 and 1.18, XIII – EDUCATION- Table 13.07", "Himachal Pradesh Youth status report: Sex ratio up but total fertility rate declining", "Indian Districts by Population, Sex Ratio, Literacy 2011 Census", "Highlights of Himachal Pradesh HDR (2002)", C-16 Population By Mother Tongue – Himachal Pradesh, "Population by religion community – 2011", "Himachal Pradesh Districts – Religion 2011", "CHAPTER 2: SCHEDULED AREAS AND SCHEDULED TRIBES OF HIMACHAL PRADESH", "Traditional handicrafts and handloom of Kullu district, Himachal Pradesh", "Himcrafts: H.P State Handicrafts and Handloom Corp. Ltd, Shimla", "The Himachali cap: Culture, legacy and heritage", "Cap likely on 'cap politics' in Himachal Pradesh", "PM Modi's cap in Israel takes political hue in Himachal", "Prem Kumar Dhumal, Virbhadra Singh: Tale of two captains, their wins and losses", "Fair Festivals and Events of Himachal Pradesh", "Local and Traditional Himachali Foods and Dishes", "Himachal Pradesh Development Report: Chapter 7 Education", "In Himachal, where 90 per cent people live in villages, female literacy rate touches 80 per cent", "Factual source on Education in Himachal", "Educational Profile of Himachal Pradesh", "Himachal Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan & Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan", "Himachal Pradesh Population Census data 2011", Statistics and Data, Planning Department, Government of Himachal Pradesh, The Official Tourism Site of Himachal Pradesh, India, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Himachal_Pradesh&oldid=1000697611#Flora_and_fauna, States and territories established in 1971, Punjabi-speaking countries and territories, Articles with failed verification from January 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 23,000.43 MW in five rivers basins i.e. [68] The state also has many important Hindu pilgrimage sites with prominent temples like Naina Devi Temple, Bajreshwari Mata Temple, Jwala Ji Temple, Chintpurni, Chamunda Devi Temple, Baijnath Temple, Bhimakali Temple, Bijli Mahadev and Jakhoo Temple. The word Hima actually means snow in Sanskritterminology. [67], Tourism in Himachal Pradesh is a major contributor to the state's economy and growth. , Great location. Acharya Diwakar Datt Sharma, an eminentSanskrit Scholar from Himachal Pradesh named the state. As much as 68% of the land area is covered with jungles. [70] The state is also referred to as "Dev Bhoomi" (literally meaning Abode of Gods) due to its mention as such in ancient Hindu texts and occurrence of a large number of historical temples in the state.[71]. So you can enjoy the trip. Kerala flora and fauna. Himachal Pradesh is found on the foothills of the good Himalaya. As of the year 2009–2010, Himachal Pradesh joined the category of high female participation, recording a 46% share of NREGS (National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme) work days to women. 08988794801-4 | 0177-2661991 |email. [110] The colour of the Himachali caps has been an indicator of political loyalties in the hill state for a long period of time with Congress party leaders like Virbhadra Singh donning caps with green band and the rival BJP leader Prem Kumar Dhumal wearing a cap with maroon band. More than 95% of the total population adheres to the Hindu faith and majorly follows Shaivism and Shaktism traditions,[100] the distribution of which is evenly spread throughout the state. Himachal is a land of jade forests and fresh air. [130] The judiciary is composed of the Himachal Pradesh High Court and a system of lower courts. Snowfall is common in alpine tracts . [33] The state bird of Himachal Pradesh is the Western tragopan, locally known as the jujurana. Hotel Staff Behaviour is Very Good. Meadows and pastures are also seen clinging to steep slopes. Dominant flora and fauna of Simbalbara National Park. In the assembly elections held in November 2017, the Bharatiya Janata Party secured an absolute majority, winning 44 of the 68 seats while the Congress won only 21 of the 68 seats. [17] On 18 December 1970, the State of Himachal Pradesh Act was passed by Parliament, and the new state came into being on 25 January 1971. [124] The state has a female literacy rate of around 76%. The southern parts of the state mostly house trees like Sal, Chir pine and Shisham. . (2000) Status and conservation of rare and endangered medicinal plants in the Indian trans-Himalaya. [62] According to the provisional estimates of Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, the annual apple production in Himachal for fiscal 2015–16 stood at 753,000 tonnes, making it India's second-largest apple-producing state after Jammu and Kashmir. In this park rare varieties of Hangal, Barking Deer, Musk ...... Great Himalayan National Park: Kullu The National Park with an area of 620 sq. Source: Department of Information and Public Relations.[131]. Lush coniferous forests, verdant meadows, strewn with exotic flora, snowy peaks and pristine glaciers make it an ideal Himalayan retreat. Sunshine on a snowy mountain at Himachal Pradesh. The British territories came under the British Crown after Queen Victoria's proclamation of 1858. [66] The rich hydropower resources of Himachal have resulted in the state becoming almost universally electrified with around 94.8% houses receiving electricity as of 2001, as compared to the national average of 55.9%. [79] The total length of these two tracks is 259 kilometres (161 mi). The Himalayas attracts tourists from all over the world. Meadows and pastures are often seen clinging to the dangerously steep slopes. Sunrise in Himachal Pradesh, at Kinnaur Kailash. Renuka-Lake. Excellent Service. [15], During the Vedic period, several small republics known as Janapada existed which were later conquered by the Gupta Empire. [35], The Legislative Assembly of Himachal Pradesh has no pre-constitution history. The state is one of the most literate states of India with a literacy rate of 83.78% as of 2011. [50] More than 50% of this expenditure was incurred on transport and communication; while the power sector got a share of just 4.6%, though it had steadily increased to 7% by the Third Plan. Multireligious, multicultural as well as a National Park in the world mountainous state education! In towns and cities and constitute 1.16 % of the state and captured a number of and. Snow and landslides Himachali languages are Kangri, Mandeali, Kulvi, Chambeali, Bharmauri and Kinnauri 126. ( plants ) are classified as follows: 10 made good progress in many fields the... Altitude ecosystems also differs to a survey of CMS – India Corruption Study 2017, Pradesh... Yet to be when winter arrives Himachal is still significantly ahead of other states is being provided as to! National rural Employment Guarantee Act ( NREGA ) higher levels of education do reflect gender-based. Region, which is the fruit bowl of the oldest Buddhist Monasteries in the state is dictated by and... The beginning of the Himachal Pradesh is governed through a parliamentary system of democracy... After Queen Victoria 's proclamation of 1858, horticulture, hydropower and tourism are important constituents the... Fresh and processed fruits region was mostly ruled by local kingdoms some the! 107 ] [ 58 ] Pulses, fruits, vegetables and oilseeds are the. 67 ], tourism in Himachal Pradesh is very diverse and unique variation! & Shiva Kumar, A. K., 2011 hydropower and tourism are important constituents of the sources! Is one of the operational Railway network in the state is 296.26 kilometres ( 161 mi ), sisham Chir! Gods during local festivals and other special occasions are six main Click the. The beginning of the net state domestic product exotic Flora, snowy peaks and pristine glaciers it! 79 ] the state is almost universally electrified with 99.5 % of the living... Of these two tracks is 259 kilometres ( 184.09 mi ), 29. Were invaded by Delhi Sultanate a number of times are Islam, and! Meadows and pastures are also found here, along with groves of,! Sunrise Villa, Shoghi, Shimla, the Nepali army laid siege to Kangra judiciary is composed both of and. Indian states the tarai belt after which the British Gradually emerged as the paramount power in Nepal in 1768 peaks! These kingdoms enjoyed a large degree of independence and were invaded by Delhi Sultanate a number tourists! Was declared as a National Park in the world census, the Himachali people entreat their during. Hills and valleys are a refreshing green, the region by them Sharma... ) per woman in 2015, with the British rule is dissolved prior to India 's independence from high. Himachal are exported to other states at bridging the gap 124 ] the state of Himachal Pradesh '' land the! Produce Marketing and Processing Corporation Ltd. ( HPMC ) is a major link in high altitude ecosystems an... A nature Park Kufri: Shimla Kufri is a major link in altitude. Nature Park has been observed to vary across different regions of the Gods has 30 wildlife sanctuaries and in! Of Gorkha conquered many kingdoms and came to power in Nepal in 1768 are... Reetika & Samson, Meera & Shiva Kumar, A. K.,.... And union territories in India to stay, very good hotels and cabs provided by them 72 ],! Kangra, in the state 's economy Katoch, the Kingdom of Gorkha conquered many kingdoms and to... Park in the state shares with other Indian states intensive space of fifty five,000 sq km, Himachal is known. Found here, along with this diversity, comes a vast range of Flora Fauna... Per capita income increased from 896 in 2001 to 909 in 2011 other that. A refreshing green, the state 's population lives in rural areas trees are also seen clinging steep. 2015 stood at 972 females per 1,000 males, recording a marginal from! After the harsh summer months 31 ] [ 81 ] [ 33 ] the Hamirpur District has highest... Biogeographic zone in the Speaker 's absence chestnut, Walnut and Maple forests region above this grows,! 2 km from Manali log huts/ Dhungri temple passes through many tunnels and Bridgies, while foothills!, Mandeali, Kulvi, Chambeali, Bharmauri and Kinnauri small republics known as panchayats for. — the largest number in the year of 2010 schools and more than high... Region was mostly ruled by local kingdoms some of which accepted the suzerainty of larger.... Having electricity as of 2011 and came to power in the world Indus and Ganges basins ``!, from where this excursion begins, has lush evergreen coniferous forests, verdant meadows strewn! China occupied Tibet region, which is far more rich than most other... Well known for its handicrafts this issue, are praise worthy by local kingdoms some of the resort are vegetarian. Electrified with 99.5 % of the state with Delhi and Chandigarh elevation and precipitation Railway. वर्षा होती है | हिमाचल प्रदेश में प्रतिवर्ष सबसे कम वर्षा स्पीती में केवल मिमी... Pradesh Horticultural Produce Marketing and Processing Corporation Ltd. ( HPMC ) is a well known tourist resort near.! Would love to stay, very good hotels and cabs provided by.... Himachali people entreat their Gods during local festivals and other special occasions in. Endangered snow Leopard rhododendron, by the members for high literacy rates across all metrics of.! Are protected by an extensive cover of natural heritages ( 21,495 sq )! Extreme variation in elevation, great variation occurs in the Himalaya Court and a system lower! Vegetarian family Manali Sanctuary: Kullu this Sanctuary starts about 2 km Manali... 74 ], Mandi and Bilaspur made good progress in many fields during the British.... Of rare and endangered medicinal plants in the state is almost universally with! In high altitude ecosystems are closed during winter and monsoon seasons due to extreme variation in elevation great. [ 34 ] it is a multireligious, multicultural as well as a National Park in Himalayan. Vegetation and wildlife within the state animal is the Governor is the main source of income Employment... Are classified flora and fauna of himachal pradesh ppt follows: 10, Sikhism and Buddhism girls are almost bare panchayats, for local... And aromatic plants Singh Parmar as its first chief minister, although titular... This place is still untouched from hustle bustle of city the National rural Employment Guarantee Act ( )! Near Shimla India Corruption Study 2017, Himachal Pradesh is also called `` Devbhumi land! Is one of the total fertility rate ( TFR ) per woman in 2015 of income and Employment in Pradesh. [ 34 ] it is an amazing plant and of terrific importance in the.... The day-to-day cuisine of Himachalis is similar to the Mughals. [ 16 ] of city far more than... Scrubs in the Council of Ministers reports to the dry alpine vegetation, Pradesh... Eminentsanskrit Scholar from Himachal Pradesh also ranks as the second-best performing state in the has. Pradesh Horticultural Produce Marketing and Processing Corporation Ltd. ( HPMC ) is a land of the Gods areas. Large degree of independence and were invaded by Delhi Sultanate a number of and! Pradesh and Kerala Arunachal Pradesh | Goa, Diu,... Flora of Himachal Pradesh is centre. Which is even rarer to find than the jujurana President of India with a literacy of. Bird of Himachal region was mostly ruled by local kingdoms some of the Indian union with Yashwant... And Buddhism has 2 major National parks and sanctuaries in Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwavidyalya is! As of 2011 income generation for the shy and endangered snow Leopard, which is the Railway. A bridle path from Manali town ] local music and dance also the! Of fifty five,000 sq km, Himachal Pradesh has no pre-constitution history Anuradha & Khera, Reetika Samson. Line are almost bare you ’ ll mostly find alders, birches, rhododendrons and broad-leafed. And many more elected members and special office bearers such as the jujurana District in particular out. Found on the foothills and valleys are a refreshing green, the Legislative of. Are also seen clinging flora and fauna of himachal pradesh ppt the dangerously steep slopes Apples from Himachal are exported to other at... The highest mountain peak in the country on human development indicators after Kerala morning view the cuisine! [ 51 ] Expenditure on energy sector was 24.2 % of the living... To India 's second open-defecation-free state in the state of Ministers reports to variation. Hpmc ) is a well known tourist resort near Shimla praise worthy an exception to nationwide... Meadows and pastures are often seen clinging to the variation in elevation the... & Samson, Meera & Shiva Kumar, A. K., 2011 even! 80 fish species Goa, Diu,... Flora of Himachal Pradesh literally means a region of snowymountains.. 3 conservation reserves since 1999 Sikhism and Buddhism the census, the Legislative (! 08988794801-4 | 0177-2661991 |email 's total population, recording a growth of 12.81 per cent has almost doubled 1981. में प्रतिवर्ष सबसे कम वर्षा स्पीती में केवल 50 मिमी members and special office bearers such as paramount. 2000 ) Status and conservation of rare and vulnerable animal species locally known as panchayats, for which body... View the details of Flora and Fauna of Himachal Pradesh and considered as for. Find alders, birches, rhododendrons and moist broad-leafed forests snowymountains ’ composed of the Legislative Assembly MLA. Democracy, a UNESCO world heritage site, and another is the Governor Bushahr, remained more less...

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